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Bogoso Sulfide Processing Plant (BSPP)

Reasons to select BIOX® include:

BIOX® Flow Sheet

BIOX Flow Sheet

With our refractory ore, gold is encapsulated in a sulfide matrix and additional processing is required to unlock the gold to allow its recovery by cyanidation. The BIOX® process we selected is both economically viable and environmentally sound, and was licensed to Golden Star by Biomin, a subsidiary of Goldfields Limited. At fully optimized production Bogoso/Prestea’s sulfide circuit operates at a design capacity of 2.7 million tonnes per year of refractory sulfide ore into the crusher, equivalent to 30 tonnes per hour of concentrate through the BIOX® circuit. Overall recovery is estimated at 75%, resulting in annual gold production from the sulfide plant of between 150,000 and 200,000 ounces.

  1. Gold concentrate from the standard flotation circuit is pumped into the Stock Tank and mixed with nutrients.
  2. The mixture is transferred to the BIOX® stainless steel reactor tanks where the bacteria, with the help of oxygen, eat the sulfide minerals converting them to oxide minerals. Acid and heat are produced as a result of the process. The tanks are cooled to maintain the optimum temperature range.
  3. The oxide minerals and the acidic bacterial solution are separated by decantation in a three-stage Counter Current Decantation (CCD) circuit; the minerals are washed and thickened to remove the acid solution from the gold-bearing material.
  4. The waste acid is neutralized by the addition of lime, and then the bacterial solution is returned to the first reactor tanks.
  5. The washed material is transferred to the carbon-in-leach (CIL) circuit. The cyanide solution dissolves the gold, which is subsequently precipitated onto activated carbon and later recovered in the elution circuit.

BIOX® Bacteria

The BIOX® process utilizes a combination of Acidithiobacillus ferro-oxidans, Acidithiobacillis thio-oxidans, and Leptospirillum ferro-oxidans. Among other places, these bacteria are found naturally occurring at the hot springs in Yellowstone National Park. They feed on sulfurous materials, and in doing so, liberate the gold particles from the sulfide mineralization. Optimization of temperature (35 to 45 degrees Celsius) and pH (1.2 to 2.0) are the most important factors in keeping the bacteria active and vital.